12-Minute Walk Test (12MWT)

McGavin CR; Gupta SP; McHardy GJ


Basic description

  • Published in 1976

McGavin CR; Gupta SP; McHardy GJ

Public domain
The twelve-minute walk test is used to estimate functional exercise capacity. It measures the distance that a participant can walk in 12 minutes. Participants are asked to perform the test at a pace that is comfortable to them, with as many breaks as they need.
Therapeutic area
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases
Therapeutic indication

Bronchitis, Chronic

Type of Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)
  • perfo PerfO
Original language(s)
  • English
Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

Butland RJ, Pang J, Gross ER, Woodcock AA, Geddes DM. Two-, six-, and 12-minute walking tests in respiratory disease. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1982 May 29;284(6329):1607-8

McGavin CR, Gupta SP, McHardy GJ. Twelve-minute walking test for assessing disability in chronic bronchitis. Br Med J. 1976 Apr 3;1(6013):822-3 (Full text article)