12-Minute Walking Test (12MD)

McGavin CR; Gupta SP; McHardy GJ


Basic description

  • Published in 1976

McGavin CR; Gupta SP; McHardy GJ

Public domain
The twelve-minute walking test is used to estimate functional exercise capacity. It measures the distance that a participant can walk in 12 minutes. Participants are asked to perform the test at a pace that is comfortable to them, with as many breaks as they need.
Therapeutic area
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases
Therapeutic indication

Bronchitis, Chronic

Type of Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)
  • perfo PerfO
Original language(s)
  • English
Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

McGavin CR, Gupta SP, McHardy GJ. Twelve-minute walking test for assessing disability in chronic bronchitis. Br Med J. 1976 Apr 3;1(6013):822-3 (Full text article)

Leitch AG, Hopkin JM, Ellis DA, Merchant S, McHardy GJ. The effect of aerosol ipratropium bromide and salbutamol on exercise tolerance in chronic bronchitis. Thorax. 1978 Dec;33(6):711-3 (Full Text Article)

Morgan AD, Peck DF, Buchanan DR, McHardy GJ. Effect of attitudes and beliefs on exercise tolerance in chronic bronchitis. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1983 Jan 15;286(6360):171-3 (Full Text Article)

McGavin CR, Artvinli M, Naoe H, McHardy GJ. Dyspnoea, disability, and distance walked: comparison of estimates of exercise performance in respiratory disease. Br Med J. 1978 Jul 22;2(6132):241-3 (Full Text Article)

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