Children's Depression Inventory (CDI / CDI 2)

Kovacs M


Basic description

Developed in 1975 (CDI) - Modified in 2009 (CDI 2 - version currently used)
A short form (CDI 2 Short) was developed in 2009
CDI 2: P (Parent) and CDI 2: T (Teacher) are also available


Kovacs M

© 2011 Maria Kovacs, Ph.D. and Multi-Health Systems Inc. All rights reserved.
To measure symptoms of depressive disorders in children and adolescents
Therapeutic area
  • Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms
Therapeutic indication


Type of Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)
  • obsro ObsRO
  • pro PRO
Original language(s)
  • English for the USA
69 translation(s)
Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

Helsel WJ, Matson JL. The assessment of depression in children: the internal structure of the Child Depression Inventory (CDI). Behav Res Ther. 1984;22(3):289-98 (Abstract)

Kovacs M. The Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) Manual. North Tonawanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems, Inc; 1992.

Politi, DM. Children’s Depression Inventory, 2nd Edition (CDI-2): Introduction and Application [Slides]. Multi-Health Systems (MHS); 2012. 64 slides (Presentation Slides)

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