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Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ)

Terluin Berend

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Basic description

Developed in 1994

Authors

Terluin Berend

Copyright
1996 - B. Terluin
Objective
To distinguish stress-related syndromes (denoted as stress, burnout, nervous breakdown) and psychiatric disorders (i.e. depression and anxiety disorders)
Therapeutic area
  • Psychiatry/Psychology
Therapeutic indication

Generic for Psychiatry/Psychology

Type of Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)
  • PRO PRO
Original language(s)
  • Dutch for the Netherlands
Translations
13 translation(s)
Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

Terluin B: De Vierdimensionale Klachtenlijst (4DKL). Een vragenlijst voor het meten van distress, depressie, angst en somatisatie [The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ). A questionnaire to measure distress, depression, anxiety, and somatization]. Huisarts Wet 1996, 39:538-547

Terluin B, Van Marwijk HWJ, Adèr HJ, De Vet HCW, Penninx BWJH, Hermens MLM, Van Boeijen CA, Van Balkom AJLM, Van der Klink JJL, Stalman WAB: The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ): a validation study of a multidimensional self-report questionnaire to assess distress, depression, anxiety and somatization. BMC Psychiatry 2006, 6:34 (Full text article)

Terluin B, Van Rhenen W, Schaufeli WB, De Haan M: The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ): measuring distress and other mental health problems in a working population. Work Stress 2004, 18:187-207 (Full text article)

Terluin B, Brouwers EPM, van Marwijk HWJ, Verhaak PFM, van der Horst HE. Detecting depressive and anxiety disorders in distressed patients in primary care; comparative diagnostic accuracy of the Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). BMC Fam Pract 2009; 10:58 (Full text article)

Terluin B, Smits N, Brouwers EPM, de Vet HCW The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) in the general population: scale structure, reliability, measurement invariance and normative data: a cross-sectional survey. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2016; 14(1):130 (Full text article)

Last update: December 2016
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