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Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ)

Terluin B

Distributed by Mapi Research Trust

ProQolid

Distributed by Mapi Research Trust

Basic description

Developed in 1994

Authors

Terluin B

Copyright
4DSQ©B.Terluin, 1996
Objective
To distinguish stress-related syndromes (denoted as stress, burnout, nervous breakdown) and psychiatric disorders (i.e. depression and anxiety disorders)
Therapeutic area
  • Mental Disorders
Therapeutic indication

Generic for Psychiatry/Psychology

Type of Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)
  • pro PRO
Original language(s)
  • Dutch for the Netherlands
Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

Terluin B: De Vierdimensionale Klachtenlijst (4DKL). Een vragenlijst voor het meten van distress, depressie, angst en somatisatie. The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ). A questionnaire to measure distress, depression, anxiety, and somatization. Huisarts Wet 1996, 39:538-547

Terluin B, Van Marwijk HWJ, Adèr HJ, De Vet HCW, Penninx BWJH, Hermens MLM, Van Boeijen CA, Van Balkom AJLM, Van der Klink JJL, Stalman WAB: The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ): a validation study of a multidimensional self-report questionnaire to assess distress, depression, anxiety and somatization. BMC Psychiatry 2006, 6:34 (Full text article)

Terluin B, Van Rhenen W, Schaufeli WB, De Haan M: The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ): measuring distress and other mental health problems in a working population. Work Stress 2004, 18:187-207 (Full text article)

Terluin B, Brouwers EPM, van Marwijk HWJ, Verhaak PFM, van der Horst HE. Detecting depressive and anxiety disorders in distressed patients in primary care; comparative diagnostic accuracy of the Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). BMC Fam Pract 2009; 10:58 (Full text article)

Terluin B, Smits N, Brouwers EPM, de Vet HCW The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) in the general population: scale structure, reliability, measurement invariance and normative data: a cross-sectional survey. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2016; 14(1):130 (Full text article)

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Contact and conditions of use

Authors

Terluin B

Department of General Practice
EMGO Institute
VU University Medical Center
Van der Boechorststraat 7
1081 BT Amsterdam
The Netherlands
Terluin B publications (Pubmed)

Contact information

Mapi Research Trust
PROVIDE™
27 rue de la Villette
69003 Lyon
France
Phone: +33 (0)4 72 13 66 66

Conditions of use

Students, physicians, clinical practice, not-funded academic users

You may access available translations of the questionnaire directly (see tutorial). Should you not see the Download button, please contact us.

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Review copy

Examination copies can only be used for the limited purpose of examining the suitability of the Questionnaire for subsequent research and/or clinical use, and cannot be used in research or in clinical practice or distributed to others.
You are not authorized to modify, retype, translate, copy or otherwise duplicate the Questionnaire except with the further and prior written permission of Mapi Research Trust / the developers / copyright holders / distributors.

Languages

Original language(s)

  • Dutch for the Netherlands

Translations

The list of available translations is subject to constant changes and may not be exhaustive. It is provided for information only. Some recently produced translations may not be included in the list below yet. Please do check the status of available translations with Mapi Research Trust / the developers / copyright holders / distributors.

Also, the listed translations may not have undergone a full linguistic validation process and may require further work to be suitable for use in a study.

4DSQ

Arabic for Egypt*
Czech for Czech Republic*
Danish for Denmark*
English for Canada*
French for France*
German for Germany*
Greek for Greece*
Polish for Poland*
Romanian for Romania*
Russian for Russia*
Serbian for Serbia*
Spanish for Spain*
Swedish for Sweden*
Tigrinya for ETHIOPIA*
Turkish for Turkey*
Urdu for Pakistan*
* Performed by Mapi

The author has selected Mapi/ICON Language Services as exclusive linguistic validation company to ensure the production of harmonized and consistent language versions.

For additional information on available translations of this instrument, or for a project involving new languages, please submit a request (tutorials available on our FAQs).

Conditions to translate

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Academic Translation

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  3. Our PROVIDE team will send you a translation agreement along with Linguistic Validation Guidelines.

More information on translations

For information on, or permission to use the translations, please contact Mapi Research Trust

Bibliographic reference of the English translation:

Terluin B, Smits N, Miedema B. The English version of the four-dimensional symptom questionnaire (4DSQ) measures the same as the original Dutch questionnaire: A validation study. Eur J Gen Pract 2014; 20(4): 320-326 (PubMed abstract)

 

Bibliographic reference of the French translation:

Chambe J, Le Reste JY, Maisonneuve H, Sanselme AE, Oho-Mpondo J, Nabbe P, Terluin B. Evaluating the validity of the French version of the Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire with differential item functioning analysis. Fam Pract 2015;  32: 474-9 (Full text article)

 

Bibliographic reference of the Polish translation:

Czachowski S, Terluin B, Izdebski A, Izdebski P. Evaluating the cross-cultural validity of the Polish version of the Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) using differential item functioning (DIF) analysis. Family Practice 2012; 29: 609-15 (Full text article)

 

Bibliographic reference of the Turkish translation:

Terluin B, Unalan PC, Turfaner Sipahioğlu N, Arslan Özkul S, van Marwijk HWJ. Cross-cultural validation of the Turkish Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) using differential item and test functioning (DIF and DTF) analysis. BMC Fam Pract 2016; 17(1):53 (Full text article)

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