McGill Pain Questionnaire Short Form (SF-MPQ)

Melzack R

Distributed by Mapi Research Trust


Distributed by Mapi Research Trust

Basic description

McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) Standard was developed in 1971
The MPQ Short-Form was developed in 1984 and revised in 2009 (see SF-MPQ-2)


Melzack R

SF-MPQ © Ronald Melzack, 1984. All Rights Reserved
To provide quantitative measures of clinical pain that would capture its sensory, affective and other qualitative components, and allow statistical analysis of data collected during clinical research and practice
Therapeutic area
  • Nervous System Diseases
  • Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms
  • Psychological Phenomena and Processes
  • Musculoskeletal and Neural Physiological Phenomena
Therapeutic indication


Acute and chronic pain
Type of Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)
  • pro PRO
Original language(s)
  • English for Canada
Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

Contact and conditions of use


Melzack R

Ronald Melzack PhD

Department of Psychology
McGill University
Stewart Biological Sciences Bldg
Rm N8/5, 398-6084
1205 Dr Penfield Avenue
Montreal, PQ H3A 1B1

E-mail: ronald.melzack@mcgill.ca

Ronald Melzack Publications (PubMed)

Contact information

Mapi Research Trust
27 rue de la Villette
69003 Lyon
Phone: +33 (0)4 72 13 66 66

Conditions of use

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Conditions to translate

Please refer to the "Languages" tab

Conditions to implement in electronic applications

Exclusive licensor for e-versions of the questionnaireMapi Research Trust

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Review copy

Examination copies can only be used for the limited purpose of examining the suitability of the Questionnaire for subsequent research and/or clinical use, and cannot be used in research or in clinical practice or distributed to others.
You are not authorized to modify, retype, translate, copy or otherwise duplicate the Questionnaire except with the further and prior written permission of Mapi Research Trust / the developers / copyright holders / distributors.


Original language(s)

  • English for Canada


The listed translations may not have undergone a full linguistic validation process and may require further work to be suitable for use in a study. This list is subject to constant changes, therefore please check the status of translations with Mapi Research Trust / the developers / copyright holders / distributors.


Afrikaans for South Africa*
Arabic for Israel*
Bengali for India*
Bulgarian for Bulgaria*
Cantonese for Hong Kong*
Cebuano for the Philippines*
Croatian for Croatia*
Czech for Czech Republic*
Danish for Denmark*
Dutch for Belgium (Flemish)*
Dutch for the Netherlands*
English for Australia*
English for Hong Kong*
English for India*
English for New Zealand*
English for South Africa*
English for the Philippines*
English for the UK*
English for the USA*
Estonian for Estonia*
Filipino for the Philippines*
Finnish for Finland*
French for Belgium*
French for Canada*
French for France*
French for Switzerland*
Georgian for Georgia*
German for Austria*
German for Germany*
German for Switzerland*
Greek for Greece*
Gujarati for India*
Hebrew for Israel*
Hindi for India*
Hungarian for Hungary*
Indonesian for Indonesia
Italian for Italy*
Japanese for Japan
Kannada for India*
Korean for Korea*
Latvian for Latvia*
Lithuanian for Lithuania*
Malay for Malaysia*
Malay for Singapore*
Malayalam for India*
Mandarin for China*
Mandarin for Singapore*
Mandarin for Taiwan*
Marathi for India*
Norwegian for Norway*
Polish for Poland*
Portuguese for Brazil*
Portuguese for Portugal*
Punjabi for India*
Romanian for Romania*
Russian for Belarus*
Russian for Estonia*
Russian for Israel*
Russian for Latvia*
Russian for Lithuania*
Russian for Russia*
Russian for Ukraine*
Serbian for Serbia*
Sesotho for South Africa*
Slovak for Slovakia*
Slovenian for Slovenia*
Spanish for Argentina*
Spanish for Chile*
Spanish for Colombia*
Spanish for Costa Rica*
Spanish for Mexico*
Spanish for Peru*
Spanish for Puerto Rico*
Spanish for Spain*
Spanish for the USA*
Swedish for Finland*
Swedish for Sweden*
Tagalog for the Philippines*
Tamil for India*
Telugu for India*
Thai for Thailand
Turkish for Turkey*
Ukrainian for Ukraine*
Urdu for India*
Urdu for Pakistan*
Xhosa for South Africa*
Zulu for South Africa*
* Performed by Mapi

BiblioPRO: you can find information about the Spanish version here - puede encontrar información sobre la versión española aqui

The author has selected Mapi as exclusive linguistic validation company to ensure the production of harmonized and consistent language versions.

For additional information on available translations of this instrument, or for a project involving new languages, please submit a request (tutorials available on our FAQs).

Conditions to translate

Academic Translation

If you wish to translate the questionnaire:

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  2. Submit your request for translation online (Tutorials are available on our FAQs)
  3. Our PROVIDE team will send you a translation agreement along with Linguistic Validation Guidelines.

Commercial Users

Exclusive vendor for translation work for commercial users: Mapi

More information on translations

Bibliographic reference of the Greek translation:

Georgoudis G, Oldham JA, Watson PJ. Reliability and sensitivity measures of the Greek version of the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire. European Journal of Pain. 2001;5(2):109-18


Bibliographic reference of the Japanese translation:

Arimura T, Hosoi M, Tsukiyama Y, Yoshida T, Fujiwara D, Tanaka M, Tamura R, Nakashima Y, Sudo N, Kubo C. Pain Questionnaire Development Focusing on Cross-Cultural Equivalence to the Original Questionnaire: The Japanese Version of the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire. Pain Med. 2012 Feb 23


Bibliographic reference of the Swedish translation:

Burckhardt CS, Bjelle A. A Swedish version of the short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire. Scand J Rheumatol. 1994;23(2):77-81


Copy of the Thai translation:

Available in: Kitisomprayoonkul W, Klaphajone J, Kovindha A. Thai Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire. J Med Assoc Thai. 2006 Jun;89(6):846-53


Bibliographic reference of the Turkish translation:

Yakut Y, Yakut E, Bayar K, Uygur F. Reliability and validity of the Turkish version short-form McGill pain questionnaire in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Clin Rheumatol. 2007 Jul;26(7):1083-7

Online distribution

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