Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS)

Anton RF

Distributed by Mapi Research Trust


Distributed by Mapi Research Trust

Basic description

Published in 1995

Derived from the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale - heavy drinkers (YBOCS-hd)

An adolescent version, A-OCDS is also available

WEBINAR: An Author Webinar on the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale - Recorded session available here!


Anton RF

OCDS © Research Society on Alcoholism, 1995. All Rights Reserved
To reflect obsessionality and compulsivity related to craving and drinking behavior.
Therapeutic area
  • Mental Disorders
  • Chemically-Induced Disorders
  • Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms
Therapeutic indication
  • Alcoholism
  • Alcohol Drinking
Type of Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)
  • pro PRO
Original language(s)
  • English for the USA
Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

Anton RF, Moak DH, Latham P. The Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale: a self-rated instrument for the quantification of thoughts about alcohol and drinking behavior. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1995 Feb;19(1):92-9 (PubMed Abstract)

Anton RF, Moak DH, Latham PK. The obsessive compulsive drinking scale: A new method of assessing outcome in alcoholism treatment studies. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1996 Mar;53(3):225-31. Erratum in: Arch Gen Psychiatry 1996 Jul;53(7):576 (PubMed Abstract

Moak DH, Anton RF, Latham PK. Further validation of the Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS). Relationship to alcoholism severity. Am J Addict. 1998 Winter;7(1):14-23 (PubMed Abstract)

Roberts JS, Anton RF, Latham PK, Moak DH. Factor structure and predictive validity of the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1999 Sep;23(9):1484-91 (PubMed Abstract)

Heinz A, Reimold M, Wrase J, et al. Correlation of stable elevations in striatal mu-opioid receptor availability in detoxified alcoholic patients with alcohol craving: a positron emission tomography study using carbon 11-labeled carfentanil. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005 Jan;62(1):57-64. Erratum in: Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005 Sep;62(9):983. Braus, Dieter H [corrected to Braus, Dieter F] (Full Text Article)

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Original language(s)

  • English for the USA


The list of available translations is subject to constant changes and may not be exhaustive. It is provided for information only. Some recently produced translations may not be included in the list below yet. Please do check the status of available translations with Mapi Research Trust / the developers / copyright holders / distributors.

Also, the listed translations may not have undergone a full linguistic validation process and may require further work to be suitable for use in a study.


Czech for Czech Republic*
German for Germany*
Hungarian for Hungary*
Italian for Italy
Japanese for Japan
Polish for Poland*
Slovak for Slovakia*
Spanish for Mexico
Spanish for Spain*
Swedish for Sweden*
* Performed by Mapi

French translation validated with patients from Belgium, France, and Switzerland.

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For additional information on available translations of this instrument, or for a project involving new languages, please submit a request (tutorials available on our FAQs).

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More information on translations

Bibliographic reference for the French translations (for Belgium and France)

Ansseau M, Besson J, Lejoyeux M, Pinto E, Landry U, Cornes M, Deckers F, Potgieter A, Ades J. A French translation of the obsessive-compulsive drinking scale for craving in alcohol-dependent patients: a validation study in Belgium, France, and Switzerland. Eur Addict Res. 2000 Jun;6(2):51-6 (PubMed abstract)

Chignon JM, Jacquesy L, Mennad M, Terki A, Huttin F, Martin P, Chabannes JP. [Self-assessment questionnaire of alcoholic craving (ECCA Questionnaire: Behavior and Cognition in Relation to Alcohol: French translation and validation of the Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale]. Encephale. 1998 Sep-Oct;24(5):426-34. French (PubMed abstract)

Bibliographic reference for the Italian translation

Janiri L, Calvosa F, Dario T, Pozzi G, Ruggeri A, Addolorato G, Di Giannantonio M, De Risio S. The Italian version of the Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale: validation, comparison with the other versions, and difference between type 1- and type 2-like alcoholics. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2004 May 10;74(2):187-95 (PubMed abstract)

Bibliographic reference for the Japanese translation

Tatsuzawa Y, Yoshimasu H, Moriyama Y, Furusawa T, Yoshino A. Validation study of the Japanese version of the Obsessive-Compulsive Drinking Scale. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2002 Feb;56(1):91-5 (PubMed abstract)

Bibliographic reference for the Spanish for Mexico translation

Cordero M, Solís L, Cordero R, Torruco M, Cruz-Fuentes C. Factor structure and concurrent validity of the obsessive compulsive drinking scale in a group of alcohol-dependent subjects of Mexico City. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2009 Jul;33(7):1145-50 (PubMed abstract)

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