Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS)

Sullivan MJ

Distributed by Mapi Research Trust


Distributed by Mapi Research Trust

Basic description

Developed in 1995


Sullivan MJ

Copyright © 1995 Michael JL Sullivan. All right reserved
To assess the state of mind of patients in pain through a comprehensive evaluation instrument that encompasses the different perspectives on worrying.
Therapeutic area
  • Generic
Therapeutic indication


Type of Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)
  • pro PRO
Original language(s)
  • English for Canada
Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

Sullivan MJL, Bishop SR and Pivik J. The Pain Catastrophizing Scale: development and validation. Psychological assessment. 1995;7(4):524-532 (Full text)

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Contact and conditions of use


Sullivan MJ

Professor of Psychology, Medicine, Physical and Occupational Therapy, Neurology and Neurosurgery
Canada Research Chair in Behavioural Health
Department of Psychology
McGill University
1205 Docteur Penfield
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1B1
Tel: +1 (514)514 398 5677
Fax: +1 (514)514 398 4896

Administrative Assistant:

Chantale Bousquet
Department of Psychology
McGill University
2001 McGill College, Room 705
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1G1
Tel: +1 (514) 398 6127
Email: Chantale.Bousquet@McGill.ca

Contact information

Mapi Research Trust
27 rue de la Villette
69003 Lyon
Phone: +33 (0)4 72 13 66 66

Conditions of use

Students, physicians, clinical practice, not-funded academic users

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Author Website(s)

Review copy

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You are not authorized to modify, retype, translate, copy or otherwise duplicate the Questionnaire except with the further and prior written permission of Mapi Research Trust / the developers / copyright holders / distributors.


Original language(s)

  • English for Canada


The list of available translations is subject to constant changes and may not be exhaustive. It is provided for information only. Some recently produced translations may not be included in the list below yet. Please do check the status of available translations with Mapi Research Trust / the developers / copyright holders / distributors.

Also, the listed translations may not have undergone a full linguistic validation process and may require further work to be suitable for use in a study.


Afrikaans for South Africa* L
Bulgarian for Bulgaria*
Czech for Czech Republic*
Danish for Denmark*
Dutch for Belgium (Flemish)*
Dutch for the Netherlands*
English for Australia*
English for New Zealand*
English for South Africa* L
English for the UK*
English for the USA*
Finnish for Finland
French for Belgium*
French for Canada*
French for France*
Georgian for Georgia*
German for Austria* L
German for Germany*
Hebrew for Israel
Hindi for India
Hungarian for Hungary*
Icelandic for Iceland
Italian for Italy
Korean for South Korea*
Latvian for Latvia*
Lithuanian for Lithuania*
Malay for Malaysia
Malayalam for India
Mandarin for China
Marathi for India
Nepali for Nepal
Polish for Poland* L
Portuguese for Brazil
Portuguese for Portugal
Russian for Latvia*
Russian for Lithuania*
Russian for Russia*
Russian for Ukraine* L
Serbian for Serbia* L
Slovak for Slovakia*
Slovenian for Slovenia
Spanish for Spain*
Spanish for the USA*
Swedish for Sweden
Turkish for Turkey
Ukrainian for Ukraine* L
Urdu for Pakistan*
* Performed by Mapi/ICON

BiblioPRO: you can find information about the Spanish version here - puede encontrar información sobre la versión española aqui

The author has selected Mapi/ICON Language Services as exclusive linguistic validation company to ensure the production of harmonized and consistent language versions.

For additional information on available translations of this instrument, or for a project involving new languages, please submit a request (tutorials available on our FAQs).

Conditions to translate

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Academic Translation

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  2. Submit your request for translation online (Tutorials are available on our FAQs)
  3. Our PROVIDE team will send you a translation agreement along with Linguistic Validation Guidelines.

More information on translations

Bibliographic references of the translations:


Miró J, Nieto R, Huguet A. The Catalan version of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale: a useful instrument to assess catastrophic thinking in whiplash patients. J Pain. 2008 May;9(5):397-406


García Campayo J, Rodero B, Alda M, Sobradiel N, Montero J, Moreno S. [Validation of the Spanish version of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale in fibromyalgia]. Med Clin (Barc). 2008 Oct 18;131(13):487-92 [Article in Spanish]



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Conditions to implement in electronic applications

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