Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Pediatric Pain Questionnaire™ (PedsQL™ Pediatric Pain Questionnaire™)

Varni JW


Last update: February 2017

Basic description

Conditions of use
The PedsQL™ Pediatric Pain Questionnaire™ is a specific module of the PedsQL™

Existing versions: Acute version, for Young Child (5-7 years of age), Child (8-12 years of age), and Adolescent (13-18 years of age)


Varni JW

Copyright © 1998 JW Varni, Ph.D.
The PedsQL™ Pediatric Pain Questionnaire™ was designed as a generic symptom-specific instrument to measure pain in patients with acute and chronic health conditions
Therapeutic area
  • Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms
  • Psychological Phenomena
  • Musculoskeletal and Neural Physiological Phenomena
Therapeutic indication


Type of Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)
  • obsro ObsRO
  • pro PRO
COA type depending on the questionnaire's version
Original language(s)
  • English for the USA
Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

Varni, J.W., Thompson, K.L., & Hanson, V. (1987). The Varni/Thompson Pediatric Pain Questionnaire: I. Chronic musculoskeletal pain in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Pain, 28, 27-38.

Gragg, R.A., Rapoff, M.A., Danovsky, M.B., Lindsley, C.B., Varni, J.W., Waldron, S.A., & Bernstein, B.H. (1996). Assessing chronic musculoskeletal pain associated with rheumatic disease: Further validation of the Pediatric Pain Questionnaire. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 21, 237-250.

Varni, J.W., Rapoff, M.A., Waldron, S.A., Gragg, R.A., Bernstein, B.H., & Lindsley, C.B. (1996). Chronic pain and emotional distress in children and adolescents. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 17, 154-161.

Vetter, T.R., McGwin, G., Bridgewater, C.L., Madan-Swain, A., & Ascherman, L.I. (2013). Validation and clinical application of a Biopsychosocial Model of Pain intensity and functional disability in patients with a pediatric chronic pain condition referred to a subspecialty clinic. Pain Research and Treatment.

Walco, G.A., Varni, J.W., & Ilowite, N.T. (1992). Cognitive-behavioral pain management in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Pediatrics, 89, 1075-1079.

Walco, G.A. & Dampier, C.D. (1990). Pain in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease: A descriptive study. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 15, 643-658.

Benestad, B., Vinje, O., Veierod, M.B., & Vandvik, I.H. (1996). Quantitative and qualitative assessments of pain in children with juvenile chronic arthritis based on the Norwegian version of the Pediatric Pain Questionnaire. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology, 25, 293-299.