SF-12 Health Survey (SF-12® / SF-12v2®)

Ware JE


Basic description

  • Derived from the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36®) in 1996 (SF-12v1®)
  • Modified in 2000 (SF-12v2® - version currently used)

Ware JE

© The Medical Outcomes Trust (MOT), Health Assessment Lab (HAL) and QualityMetric Incorporated.
Developed to be a much shorter, yet valid, alternative to the SF-36® for use in large surveys of general and specific populations as well as large longitudinal studies of health outcomes
Therapeutic area
  • Generic
Therapeutic indication


Type of Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)
  • pro PRO
Original language(s)
  • English for the USA
141 translation(s)
Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

Ware J Jr, Kosinski M, Keller SD. A 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey:construction of scales and preliminary tests of reliability and validity. Med Care. 1996 Mar;34(3):220-33 (PubMed abstract)

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