Sickness Impact Profile (SIP)

Bergner M; Gilson B

Distributed by Mapi Research Trust


Distributed by Mapi Research Trust

Basic description


Bergner M; Gilson B

SIP © The Johns Hopkins University, 1977. All Rights Reserved.
To provide a descriptive profile of changes in a person's behavior due to sickness
Therapeutic area
  • Generic
Therapeutic indication


Type of Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)
  • pro PRO
Original language(s)
  • English for the USA
Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire

- Final SIP-136

de Bruin AF, Diederiks JP, de Witte LP, Stevens FC, Philipsen H. Assessing the responsiveness of a functional status measure: the Sickness Impact Profile versus the SIP68. J Clin Epidemiol. 1997 May;50(5):529-40 (PubMed Abstract)

Bergner M, Bobbitt RA, Carter WB, Gilson BS. The Sickness Impact Profile: development and final revision of a health status measure. Med Care. 1981 Aug;19(8):787-805 (Full Text Article)

Carter WB, Bobbitt RA, Bergner M, Gilson BS. Validation of an interval scaling: the sickness impact profile. Health Serv Res. 1976 Winter;11(4):516-28 (Full Text Article)

Bergner M, Bobbitt RA, Kressel S, Pollard WE, Gilson BS, Morris JR. The sickness impact profile: conceptual formulation and methodology for the development of a health status measure. Int J Health Serv. 1976;6(3):393-415 (PubMed Abstract)

Bergner M, Bobbitt RA, Pollard WE, Martin DP, Gilson BS. The sickness impact profile: validation of a health status measure. Med Care. 1976 Jan;14(1):57-67 (Full Text Article)

Gilson BS, Gilson JS, Bergner M, Bobbit RA, Kressel S, Pollard WE, Vesselago M. The sickness impact profile. Development of an outcome measure of health care. Am J Public Health. 1975 Dec;65(12):1304-10 (Full text article)

- Short versions


Lipsett PA, Swoboda SM, Campbell KA, et al. Sickness Impact Profile Score versus a Modified Short-Form survey for functional outcome assessment: acceptability, reliability, and validity in critically ill patients with prolonged intensive care unit stays. J Trauma. 2000 Oct;49(4):737-43 (Full Text Article)


van Straten A, de Haan RJ, Limburg M, et al. A stroke-adapted 30-item version of the Sickness Impact Profile to assess quality of life (SA-SIP30). Stroke. 1997 Nov;28(11):2155-61 (Full Text Article)


Sullivan M, Ahlmen M, Bjelle A, Karlsson J. Health status assessment in rheumatoid arthritis. II. Evaluation of a modified Shorter Sickness Impact Profile. J Rheumatol. 1993 Sep;20(9):1500-7 (PubMed Abstract)

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Contact and conditions of use


Bergner M; Gilson B

Contact information

Mapi Research Trust
27 rue de la Villette
69003 Lyon
Phone: +33 (0)4 72 13 66 66

Conditions of use

Students, physicians, clinical practice, not-funded academic users

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Review copy

Examination copies can only be used for the limited purpose of examining the suitability of the Questionnaire for subsequent research and/or clinical use, and cannot be used in research or in clinical practice or distributed to others.
You are not authorized to modify, retype, translate, copy or otherwise duplicate the Questionnaire except with the further and prior written permission of Mapi Research Trust / the developers / copyright holders / distributors.


Original language(s)

  • English for the USA


The list of available translations is subject to constant changes and may not be exhaustive. It is provided for information only. Some recently produced translations may not be included in the list below yet. Please do check the status of available translations with Mapi Research Trust / the developers / copyright holders / distributors.

Also, the listed translations may not have undergone a full linguistic validation process and may require further work to be suitable for use in a study.

SIP - Interviewer

Chinese for Hong Kong
Danish for Denmark
Dutch for Belgium (Flemish)*
Dutch for the Netherlands
English for Mexico
English for the UK
Finnish for Finland
French for Belgium
French for France
German for Germany
Greek for Cyprus
Italian for Italy
Norwegian for Norway
Portuguese for Portugal
Romanian for Romania
Russian for Russia
Serbian for Serbia
Spanish for Mexico
Spanish for Spain*
Spanish for the USA
Swedish for Sweden
Tamil for India
Thai for Thailand

SIP - Self-administered

Danish for Denmark
Dutch for Belgium (Flemish)
Dutch for the Netherlands
English for the UK
Finnish for Finland
French for France
German for Germany
Italian for Italy
Norwegian for Norway
Russian for Russia
Spanish for Spain*
Swedish for Sweden
* Performed by Mapi

Spanish for the USA refers to Spanish for the Southwest USA

BiblioPRO: you can find information about the Spanish version here - puede encontrar información sobre la versión española aqui

The author has selected Mapi/ICON Language Services as exclusive linguistic validation company to ensure the production of harmonized and consistent language versions.

For additional information on available translations of this instrument, or for a project involving new languages, please submit a request (tutorials available on our FAQs).

Conditions to translate

Academic Translation

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Commercial Users

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More information on translations

Bibliographic references of the translations:

Chinese for Hong-Kong:
Short TG, Rowbottom MY, Lau JP, Lai GW, Buckley TA, Oh TE. Translation and calibration of a Chinese version of the Sickness Impact Profile for use in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Med J. 1998 Dec;4(4):375-381

Jacobs HM, Luttik A, Touw-Otten FW, de Melker RA. The sickness impact profile; results of an evaluation study of the Dutch version. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 1990 Oct 6;134(40):1950-1954

Chwalow AJ, Lurie A, Bean K, et al. A French version of the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP): stages in the cross cultural validation of a generic quality of life scale. Fundam Clin Pharmacol 1992;6(7):319-326

Kessler S, Jaeckel W, Cziske R. Assessing health in musculoskeletal disorders--the appropriateness of a German version of the Sickness Impact Profile. Rheumatol Int 1997;17(3):119-125
Hutter BO, Wurtemberger G. [Quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive lung diseases: psychometric criteria of the German version of the Sickness Impact Profile and initial results of its application]. Pneumologie 1997 Feb;51(2):108-114

Monticone M, Baiardi P, Nava T, Rocca B, Foti C. The Italian version of the Sickness Impact Profile-Roland Scale for chronic pain: cross-cultural adaptation, reliability, validity and sensitivity to change. Disabil Rehabil. 2011;33(15-16):1299-305
Bertolotti G, Vidotto G, Baiardi P, Carone M, Sommaruga M, Zotti AM. [Sickness Impact Profile: the Italian version] G Ital Med Lav Ergon. 2001 Oct-Dec;23(4):477-83
Marchionni N, Ferrucci L, Baldasseroni S, et al. Item re-scaling of an Italian version of the sickness impact profile: effect of age and profession of the observers. J Clin Epidemiol 1997 Feb;50(2):195-201

Gjertsen EM. [The health/self-care profile (HESP). A Norwegian version of The Sickness Impact Profile SIP] Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1985 Oct 30;105(30):2152-7. Norwegian

Jones PW, NEDOCROMIL SODIUM QUALITY OF LIFE STUDY GROUP. Quality of life, symptoms and pulmonary function in asthma: long-term treatment with nedocromil sodium examined in a controlled multicentre trial. European Respiratory Journal 1994; 7:55-62

Majstorović B, Janković S, Dimoski Z, Kekuš D, Kocić S, Mijailović Ž. Assessment of the Reliability of the Serbian Version of the Sickness Impact Profile Questionnaire in Patients with Chronic Viral Hepatitis. Srp Arh Celok Lek. 2015 Nov-Dec;143(11-12):688-94

Carod-Artal FJ, González-Gutiérrez JL, Egido-Herrero JA, Varela de Seijas E. Propiedades métricas de la versión española del perfil de las consecuencias de la enfermedad de 30 ítems adaptado al ictus (SIP30-AI) [The psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the stroke-adapted 30-item Sickness Impact Profile (SIP30-AI)]. Rev Neurol. 2007 Dec 1-15;45(11):647-54. Spanish
Badia X, Alonso J. Re-scaling the Spanish version of the Sickness Impact Profile: an opportunity for the assessment of cross-cultural equivalence. J Clin Epidemiol 1995 Jul;48(7):949-957
Badia X, Alonso J. Validity and reproducibility of the Spanish Version of the Sickness Impact Profile. J Clin Epidemiol 1996 Mar;49(3):359-365
Vazquez-Barquero JL, Arias Bal MA, Pena C, Diez Manrique JF, Ayesteran Ruiz A, Miro J. [The ""Sickness Impact Profile"" questionnaire (SIP): Spanish version of a measure of health status]. Actas Luso Esp Neurol Psiquiatr Cienc Afines 1991 Mar;19(2):127-134

Spanish and English for Mexico:
Deyo RA. Pitfalls in measuring the health status of Mexican Americans: comparative validity of the English and Spanish Sickness Impact Profile. Am J Public Health. 1984 Jun;74(6):569-73

Spanish for the USA:
Gilson BS, Erickson D, Chavez CT, et al. A Chicano version of the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP). A health care evaluation instrument crosses the linguistic barrier. Cult MedPsychiatry 1980 Jun;4(2):137-150

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